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  Location: Home >> Faculty >> Center for Genome Biology
  Center for Genome Biology


Lin Shaoyang


EDUCATION
1984 BS in Huanan Agricultural College, China
1989 MS in Ryukyu University, Japan
1989 Ph.D. in Chiba University, Japan
 
EMPLOYMENT HISTORY
1984 China National Rice Research Institute, China
1993 Research Scientist in Society for Techno-innovation of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Japan
2001 Chief Researcher in Honda R&D Co., Ltd.
2003 Principal Researcher in Honda Research Institute Japan Co., Ltd.
2012- Principal Investigator at Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China


RESEARCH FOCUS
1. Establishing a new Technology System for Genome Design Breeding of Rice
Normally, crop breeder selects a better individual from the segregating population for improving cultivars suited to needs of farmers and consumers via their experiences and the phenotypes. But now, a new Technology System for Genome Design Breeding of Rice provides molecular breeders a tool that be easier replacing any gene in the variety genome to change the genotype and phenotypes. Its essential components include Materials Storage, High-throughput Genotyping Platform, Individuals Databases, Digital Farm, Phenotypes Quantification System, Patents for precise breeding, etc. Dr. Lin has first established this Technology System for two elite rice varieties Koshihikari, the most widely grown variety and great grain quality in Japan, and Kongyu131, the most widely grown variety in China’s Heilongjiang province. This breeding model would be used in other crops in near future.
 
 
2. Improvements and Up-grade of Rice Varieties
The core goal of this new Technology System is to achieve the improvements and Up-grade of Rice varieties.  The system’s principle is inspired by PC software upgrades which are requested and updated constantly when software engineers or users find some bugs. Similarly, Molecular breeder could up-grade the variety when they find the shortcomings of it by analysing and replacing for a better gene genotype. Dr. Lin first used this principle in rice molecular breeding called Variety Up-Grade. Taking rice varieties Koshihikari and Kongyu131 as examples, they still have several undesirable traits, like low-resistance capability to rice blast or lodging, although they are main elite rice varieties in the local area for decades. Variety Up-Grade is a process constantly striving for perfection of a variety, keeping a variety’s existing fine properties and replacing undesirable characters.
 
3. Research on Rice Blast Resistance
Rice blast resistance breeding has always been one of the difficulties in breeding, for its big economical loss, poor harvest, various physiological races, spatial variation of population structure, etc. Dr. Lin’s research group, on the one hand, has scanned out the lacked and contained blast resistant genes in Kongyu131 variety’s genome, that providing direction on resistance breeding according to the gene-for-gene relationship between host and parasite. So far, this group has bred several improved Kongyu131 lines introgressed Pb1, pi21, Pi-d2 and Pi-d3 genes respectively. On the other hand, they devote to building an improved and accurate identification method for various physiologic races, as the existing methods, IRRI’s NILs (Near-isogenic Lines) and DNA fingerprinting of races, are limited-use and far from enough for breeding.
 
 
4. Research on Rice Variety Adaptation
Rice variety adaptation means almost every variety can only be grown in specific ecological environment. Dr. Lin is challenging to alter rice adapted area by changing some photoperiod-sensitive and temperature-sensitive genes of the variety. Japonica rice variety Koshihikari’s cultivation was limited in Kandon and Tohoku, japan. Dr. Lin has succeed changing the adaptation of Koshihikari, and has bred several new Koshihikari varieties suited to the area of south Vietnam and north Japan. Moreover, Kongyu131 is improved to be two new varieties “Jin Huang Dao 2 Hao” and “Jin Huang Dao 3 Hao”, adapting to the second and first accumulated temperature zones in Heilongjiang province respectively.
 
5. Research on Rice Eating Quality
Rice eating quality is a factor influencing people’s diet quality and food culture and is a more concerned issue in rice breeding. Koshihikari is a rice variety so fragrant, stick, smooth, elastic, chewy and sweet that it’s also known as the optimal choice for making sushi and as the model for designing rice cooker. It’s market recognition is still becoming higher since the half of last century. Likewise, Kongyu131 represents the good appearance of Chinese Northeast rice, in part due to its transparency and stickness. Dr. Lin’s research group has improved Kongyu131’s eating quality by replacing a few genes of its genome related to aroma, glutinosity and grain shape.
 
6. Research on Rice Yields
As a main standard for evaluating new rice varieties, rice yield is a never-ending breeding research topic. Factors that direct affect rice yields include spike number, ear length, kernels number per spike, kernel length, thousand kernel weight, etc. Other factors like plant height indirect affect rice yield as well. By replacing the dwarf gene sd1, Dr. Lin has improved the lodging resistance of Koshihikari and bred a series of new varieties, Koshihikari H4, KZ1and KZ4. Moreover, he has bred a new improved Kongyu131 variety, “Jin Huang Dao 1 Hao”, for directly-seeding in Heilongjiang province. In addition, this group studies the enhancement of rice yields through some related genes, gn1a and GS3.
 
Current lab members
Staff member:
Dr. Yuan Qingbo
Dr. Jiang Guoqiang
Ms. Shen Yu
 
PhD Student:
Feng Xiaomin, 2013-
Wang Rongsheng, 2014-
Nan Jianzong, 2015-
Lin Kangxue, 2015-
Zhang Xiaohui, 2016-
Wang chen, 2017-
 
Master Student:
Xue Qian, 2015-
Yang Xiaowen, 2015-
 
 
VARIETIES
1. Jin Huang Dao 1 Hao
China(Application number: 20170215.8)
 
2. Jin Huang Dao 2 Hao
China(Application number: 20170216.7)
 
3. Jin Huang Dao 3 Hao
China(Application number: 20170217.6)
 
4.Koshihikari H1
Japan(No.18114),China(No.20090280.8),US(No.200900321)
 
5. Koshihikari Kazusa 3
 Japan(No.19050),China(No.20080259.3),Vietnam(No.20080007),US(No.200800228)
 
6. Koshihikari H2
 Japan(No.18115),China(No.20090279.1),US(No.200900322)
 
7. Koshihikari H3
 Japan(No.18122),China(No.20060804.5),Vietnam(No.20070009),Thailand(No.37/2552),ED(No.27822),US(No.20070037)
 
8. Koshihikari H4
Japan(No.18123),China(No.20080258.5),US(No.20080227)
 
9. Koshihikari Kazusa 1
 China(No.20070327.7),Vietnam(No.20070026),Thailand(No.38/2553),ED(No.28203),US(No.200800056)
 
10. Koshihikari Kazusa 4
 Japan(No.20026),China(No.20090320),Vietnam(No.20090319),US(No.20090320)
 
11. Koshihikari H5
 Japan(No.23703)
 
12. Koshihikari H6
 Japan(No.23704)
 
Others: Koshihikari Kazusa 2, Koshihikari Kazusa 5,Koshihikari Kazusa 6,Koshihikari Kazusa 7,Koshihikari Kazusa 8.
 
PATENTS
Patent No. ZL201520920124.1
 
2. A crop emasculator
Patent No. ZL201520920124.1
 
3. Method for producing novel variety
 PCT/JP09/062392,WO2010/005005 
 
4. A gene for enhancing the yield and it application
 PCT/JP03/14434,WO2004/044200
 
5. Plant information management system and plant information management method
 Japan(2008048124),US(Pub.No.US2009/0222478A1)
 
6. Method for rice early-maturing
 PCT/JP2011/056551, 2011513769
 
7. Method for changing rice maturing precise
 PCT/JP2011/056548, 2011513784  
 
8. Method for identifying new variety
 Japan (No.2008-176934)

PUBLICATIONS
 
Yamamoto, E., Takashi, T., Morinaka, Y., Lin, S.Y., Wu, J., Matsumoto, T., Kitano, H., Matsuoka, M., and Ashikari, M. (2010). Gain of deleterious function causes an autoimmune response and Bateson–Dobzhansky–Muller incompatibility in rice. Mol Genet Genomics,283:305-315
 
Ando, T., Yamamoto, T., Shimizu, T., Ma, T.F., Shomura, A., Takeuchi, Y., Lin, S.Y., and Yano, M. (2008). Genetic dissection and pyramiding of quantitative traits for panicle architecture by using chromosomal segment substitution lines in rice. Theor Appl Genet 116:881-90
 
Nonoue, Y., Fujino, K., Hirayama, Y., Yamanouchi, U., Lin, S.Y., and Yano, M. (2008). Detection of quantitative trait loci controlling extremely early heading in rice. Theor Appl Genet 116:715–722
 
Yamamoto, E., Takashi, T., Morinaka, Y., Lin, S.Y., Kitano, H., Matsuoka, M., and Ashikari, M. (2007). Interaction of two recessive genes, Hbd2 and Hbd3, induces hybrid breakdown in rice. Theor Appl Genet 115:187-194
 
Konishi, S., Takeshi Izawa, T., Lin, S.Y., Ebana, K., Fukuta, Y., Sasaki, T., and Yano, M. (2006). An SNP caused loss of seed shattering during rice domestication. Science, 312: 1392 – 1396
 
Nishimura, A., Ashikari, M., Lin, S.Y., Takashi, T., Angeles, E.R., Toshio Yamamoto, T. and Matsuoka, M. (2005). Isolation of a rice regeneration quantitative trait loci gene and its application to transformation systems. Proc Nalt Acad Sci USA 102:11940-11944
 
Ashikari, M., Sakakibara, H., Lin, S.Y., Yamamoto, T., Takashi, T., Nishimura, A., Angeles, E.R., Qian, Q., Kitano, H., and Matsuoka, M. (2005). Cytokinin oxidase regulates rice grain production. Science 309:741-745
 
Miura, K., Lin, S.Y., Araki, H., Nagamine,T., Kuroki, M., Shimizu, H., Ando, I. and Yano, M. (2004). Genetic studies on germination of seed and seedling establishment for breeding of improved varieties suitable for direct seeding culture. Japan Agricult Res 38: 1-5
 
Fujino, K., Sekiguchi H., Sato, T., Kiuchi H., Nonoue Y., Takeuchi, Y., Ando, T., Lin, S.Y., and Yano, M. (2004). Mapping of quantitative trait loci controlling low-temperature germinability in rice (Oryza sativa L.). Theor Appl Genet 108: 794–799
 
Takeuchi, Y., Lin, S.Y., Sasaki, T., and Yano, M. (2003) Fine linkage mapping enables dissection of closely linked quantitative trait loci for seed dormancy and heading in rice. Theor Appl Genet 107: 1174-1180
 
Miura, K., Lin, S.Y., Yano, M., and Nagamine, T. (2002) Mapping quantitative trait loci controlling seed longevity in rice (Oryza sativa L.). Theor Appl Genet 104: 981-986
 
Ishimaru, K., Yano, M., Aoki, N., Ono, K., Hirose, T., Lin, S.Y., Monna, L., Sasaki, T., and Ohsugi, R. (2001) Toward the mapping of physiological and agronomic characters on a rice function map: QTL analysis and comparison between QTLs and expressed sequence tags. Theor Appl Genet 102:793-800
 
Miura,K., Lin, S.Y., Yano, M., and Nagamina, T. (2001). Mapping quantitative trait loci controlling low temperature germinability in rice (Oryza sativa L). Breeding Sci 51:293-299
 
Harushima, Y., Yano, M., Shomura, A., Sato, M., Shimano, T., Kuboki, Y., Yamamoto, T., Lin, S.Y., Antonio, B.A., Parco, A., Kajiya, H., Huang, N., Yamamoto, K., Nagamura, Y., Kurata, N., Khush, G.S., and Sasaki T. (1998). A high-density rice genetic linkage map with 2275 markers using a single F2 population. Genetics 148:479-494
 
Yamamoto, T., Kuboki, Y., Lin, S.Y., Sasaki, T., and Yano, M. (1998). Fine mapping of quantitative trait loci Hd-1, Hd-2 and Hd-3, controlling heading date of rice, as single Mendelian factor. Theor Appl Genet 97:37-44
 
Lin, S.Y., Sasaki, T., and Yano, M. (1998). Mapping quantitative trait loci controlling seed dormancy and heading date in rice, Oryza sativa L., using backcross inbred lines. Theor Appl Genet 96:997-1003
 
Taguchi-Shiobara, F., Lin, S.Y., Tano, K., Komatsuda, T., Yano, M., Sasaki, T., and Oka, S. (1997). Mapping quantitative trait loci associated with regeneration ability of seed callus in rice, Oryza sativa L. Theor Appl Genet 95:828-833
 
Nakamura, Y., Inoue, T., Antonio, B.A., Shimano, T., Kajiya, H., Shomura, A., Lin, S.Y., Kuboki, Y., Harushima, Y., Kurata, N., Minobe, Y., Yano, M., and Takuji, T. (1995). Conservation of duplicated segments between rice chromosome 11 and 12. Breeding Sci 45:373-376
 
Kurata1, N., Nagamura, Y., Yamamoto, K., 1, Harushima, Y., Sue, N., Wu, J., Antonio, B.A., Shomura, A., Shimizu, T., Lin, S.Y., Inoue, T., Fukuda, A., Shimano, T., Kuboki, Y., Toyama, T., Miyamoto, Y.,
 
Kirihara, T., Hayasaka, K., Miyao, A., Monna, L., Zhong, H.S., Tamura, Y., Wang, Z.X., Momma, T., Umehara, Y., Yano, M., Sasaki, T., and Minobe, Y. (1994). A 300 kilobase interval genetic map of rice including 883 expressed sequences. Nat Genet 8:365 - 372
 
Lin, S.Y., Nagamura, Y., Kurata, N., Yano, M., Minobe, Y., and Sasaki T. (1994). DNA markers tightly linked to genes, Ph, Alk and Rc. Rice Genet Newslett 11: 108-109
 
Lin, S.Y., and Ikehashi, H. (1993). A gamete abortion locus detected by segregation distortion of isozyme locus Est-9 in wide crosses of rice (Oryza sativa L.). Euphytica 67:35-40
 
Lin, S.Y., Ikehashi, H., Yanagihara, S., and Kawashima, A. (1992). Segregation distortion via male gametes in hybrids between Indica and Japonic or wide-compatibility varieties of rice (Oryza sativa L.). Theor Appl Genet 84:812-818