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童依平


童依平,博士,研究员,博士生导师
 
  1988年中国农业大学获学士学位,1993年中国科学院生态环境研究中心获硕士学位,1999年中国科学院遗传与发育生物学研究所获博士学位。
  1988年进入中国科学院生态环境研究中心工作,主要研究小麦高效利用土壤养分的生理机制和遗传控制。2004年进入中国科学院中国科学院遗传与发育生物学研究所植物细胞与染色体工程国家重点实验室工作,主要研究植物高效利用氮、磷的分子机制。1992-1993年澳大利亚阿德莱德大学Waite农业研究所访问学者,2001-2002年英国Rothamsted Research访问学者。



主要研究内容:
  氮磷是植物必需的大量营养元素。农作物种间和种内不同基因型间存在显著的吸收利用氮磷效率的差异。揭示导致这种差异的分子机制以选育氮磷高效农作物新品种,是建立"少投入、多产出、保护环境"可持续发展农业的重要途径。

研究小组对此展开的研究包括:


  (1)小麦根系高效吸收氮磷的遗传机理 小麦吸收氮磷效率不仅与根系形态构型有关,还与根系形态的可塑性(对氮磷供应水平的响应)有关。为解析小麦根系高效吸收氮磷的遗传机理,我们主要开展如下研究:发掘控制小麦根系形态的遗传位点;明确氮磷信号调控小麦根系形态的分子机理。


  (2)氮磷信号调控小麦产量性状的遗传机制 氮磷缺乏会显著降低小麦穗数、穗粒数和千粒重,因此解析氮磷信号调控小麦产量性状的遗传机制是协同提高养分效率和产量的重要基础。


主要论文:
 
1.Cui, F., Fan, X.L., Chen, M., Zhang, N., Zhao, C.H., Zhang, W., Han, J., Ji, J., Zhao, X.Q., Yang, L.J., Zhao, Z.W., Tong, Y.P., Wang, T., and Li, J.M. (2016). QTL detection for wheat kernel size and quality and the responses of these traits to low nitrogen stress. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 129: 469-484.
 
2.Fan, X.L., Cui, F., Zhao, C.H., Zhang, W., Yang, L.J., Zhao, X.Q., Han, J., Su, Q.N., Ji, J., Zhao, Z.W., Tong, Y.P., and Li, J.M. (2015). QTLs for flag leaf size and their influence on yield- related traits in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Mol Breeding 35: 24.
 
3.He, X., Qu, B., Li, W., Zhao, X., Teng, W., Ma, W., Ren, Y., Li, B., Li, Z., and Tong, Y. (2015). The nitrate-inducible NAC transcription factor TaNAC2-5A controls nitrate response and increases wheat yield. Plant Physiol 169: 1991-2005.
 
4.Ouyang, X., Hong, X., Zhao, X., Zhang, W., He, X., Ma, W., Teng, W., and Tong, Y. (2016). Knock out of the PHOSPHATE 2 gene TaPHO2-A1 improves phosphorus uptake and grain yield under low phosphorus conditions in common wheat. Sci Rep-Uk 6: 29850.
 
5. Qu, B., He, X., Wang, J., Zhao, Y., Teng, W., Shao, A., Zhao, X., Ma, W., Wang, J., Li, B., Li, Z., and Tong, Y. (2015). A wheat CCAAT box-binding transcription factor increases the grain yield of wheat with less fertilizer input. Plant Physiol 167: 411-423.
 
6. Cao P, Ren YZ, Zhang KP, Teng W, Zhao XQ, Dong ZY, Liu X, Qin HJ, Li ZS, Wang DW, Tong YP (2014) Further genetic analysis of a major quantitative trait locus controlling root length and related traits in common wheat. Mol Breeding 33: 975-985. doi: DOI 10.1007/s11032-013-0013-z.

7. Deng Y, Chen KR, Teng W, Zhan A, Tong YP, Feng G, Cui ZL, Zhang FS, Chen XP (2014) Is the Inherent Potential of Maize Roots Efficient for Soil Phosphorus Acquisition? PloS one 9. doi: ARTN e90287 DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0090287.

8. He X, Fang JJ, Li JJ, Qu BY, Ren YZ, Ma WY, Zhao XQ, Li B, Wang DW, Li ZS, Tong YP (2014) A genotypic difference in primary root length is associated with the inhibitory role of transforming growth factor-beta receptor-interacting protein-1 on root meristem size in wheat. Plant J 77: 931-943. doi: 10.1111/tpj.12449.

9. Ma WY, Li JJ, Qu BY, He X, Zhao XQ, Li B, Fu XD, Tong YP (2014) Auxin biosynthetic gene TAR2 is involved in low nitrogen-mediated reprogramming of root architecture in Arabidopsis. Plant J 78: 70-79. doi: Doi 10.1111/Tpj.12448.

10. Wang YG, He X, Ma WY, Zhao XQ, Li B, Tong YP (2014) Wheat PROTON GRADIENT REGULATION 5 is Involved in Tolerance to Photoinhibition. J Integr Agr 13: 1206-1215. doi: Doi 10.1016/S2095-3119(13)60604-8.

11. Xu Y, Wang R, Tong Y, Zhao H, Xie Q, Liu D, Zhang A, Li B, Xu H, An D (2014) Mapping QTLs for yield and nitrogen-related traits in wheat: influence of nitrogen and phosphorus fertilization on QTL expression. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 127: 59-72. doi: 10.1007/s00122-013-2201-y.

12. Ling HQ, Zhao S, Liu D, Wang J, Sun H, Zhang C, Fan H, Li D, Dong L, Tao Y, Gao C, Wu H, Li Y, Cui Y, Guo X, Zheng S, Wang B, Yu K, Liang Q, Yang W, Lou X, Chen J, Feng M, Jian J, Zhang X, Luo G, Jiang Y, Liu J, Wang Z, Sha Y, Zhang B, Wu H, Tang D, Shen Q, Xue P, Zou S, Wang X, Liu X, Wang F, Yang Y, An X, Dong Z, Zhang K, Zhang X, Luo MC, Dvorak J, Tong Y, Wang J, Yang H, Li Z, Wang D, Zhang A, Wang J (2013) Draft genome of the wheat A-genome progenitor Triticum urartu. Nature 496: 87-90. doi: 10.1038/nature11997.

13. Peng YC, Ma WY, Chen LL, Yang L, Li SJ, Zhao HT, Zhao YK, Jin WH, Li N, Bevan MW, Li X, Tong YP, Li YH (2013) Control of Root Meristem Size by DA1-RELATED PROTEIN2 in Arabidopsis. Plant Physiol 161: 1542-1556. doi: DOI 10.1104/pp.112.210237.

14. Shi RL, Tong YP, Jing RL, Zhang FS, Zou CQ (2013) Characterization of Quantitative Trait Loci for Grain Minerals in Hexaploid Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). J Integr Agr 12: 1512-1521. doi: Doi 10.1016/S2095-3119(13)60559-6.

15. Teng W, Deng Y, Chen XP, Xu XF, Chen RY, Lv Y, Zhao YY, Zhao XQ, He X, Li B, Tong YP, Zhang FS, Li ZS (2013) Characterization of root response to phosphorus supply from morphology to gene analysis in field-grown wheat. J Exp Bot 64: 1403-1411. doi: 10.1093/jxb/ert023.

16. Wang J, Sun JH, Miao J, Guo JK, Shi ZL, He MQ, Chen Y, Zhao XQ, Li B, Han FP, Tong YP, Li ZS (2013b) A phosphate starvation response regulator Ta-PHR1 is involved in phosphate signalling and increases grain yield in wheat. Ann Bot-London 111: 1139-1153. doi: Doi 10.1093/Aob/Mct080.

17. Zhang K, Wang J, Zhang L, Rong C, Zhao F, Peng T, Li H, Cheng D, Liu X, Qin H, Zhang A, Tong Y, Wang D (2013) Association analysis of genomic loci important for grain weight control in elite common wheat varieties cultivated with variable water and fertiliser supply. PloS one 8: e57853. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0057853.

18. Zhang X, Liu D, Zhang J, Jiang W, Luo G, Yang W, Sun J, Tong Y, Cui D, Zhang A (2013) Novel insights into the composition, variation, organization, and expression of the low-molecular-weight glutenin subunit gene family in common wheat. J Exp Bot 64: 2027-2040. doi: 10.1093/jxb/ert070.

19. Ren YZ, He X, Liu DC, Li JJ, Zhao XQ, Li B, Tong YP, Zhang AM, Li ZS (2012) Major quantitative trait loci for seminal root morphology of wheat seedlings. Mol Breeding 30: 139-148. doi: DOI 10.1007/s11032-011-9605-7.

20. Tian J, Wang XR, Tong YP, Chen XP, Liao H (2012) Bioengineering and management for efficient phosphorus utilization in crops and pastures. Curr Opin Biotech 23: 866-871. doi: DOI 10.1016/j.copbio.2012.03.002.

21. Fang JJ, Ma WY, Zhao XQ, He X, Li B, Tong YP, Li ZS (2012) Lower canopy temperature is associated with higher cytokinin concentration in the flag leaf of wheat. Crop Sci 52: 2743-2756. doi: DOI 10.2135/cropsci2012.03.0163.

22. Li XP, Zhao XQ, He X, Zhao GY, Li B, Liu DC, Zhang AM, Zhang XY, Tong YP, Li ZS (2011) Haplotype analysis of the genes encoding glutamine synthetase plastic isoforms and their association with nitrogen-use- and yield-related traits in bread wheat. New Phytol 189: 449-458. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2010.03490.x.

23. Wang RF, An DG, Hu CS, Li LH, Zhang YM, Jia YG, Tong YP (2011) Relationship between nitrogen uptake and use efficiency of winter wheat grown in the North China Plain. Crop Pasture Sci 62: 504-514. doi: Doi 10.1071/Cp10383.

24. Li H, Tong Y, Li B, Jing R, Lu C, Li Z (2010) Genetic analysis of tolerance to photo-oxidative stress induced by high light in winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). J Genet Genomics 37: 399-412. doi: 10.1016/S1673-8527(09)60058-8.

25. Su JY, Zheng Q, Li HW, Li B, Jing RL, Tong YP, Li ZS (2009) Detection of QTLs for phosphorus use efficiency in relation to agronomic performance of wheat grown under phosphorus sufficient and limited conditions. Plant Sci 176: 824-836. doi: DOI 10.1016/j.plantsci.2009.03.006.

26. Duan GL, Zhou Y, Tong YP, Mukhopadhyay R, Rosen BP, Zhu YG (2007) A CDC25 homologue from rice functions as an arsenate reductase. New Phytol 174: 311-321. doi: DOI 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2007.02009.x.

27. Liu JX, Chen FJ, Olokhnuud C, Glass ADM, Tong YP, Zhang FS, Mi GH (2009) Root size and nitrogen-uptake activity in two maize (Zea mays) inbred lines differing in nitrogen-use efficiency. J Plant Nutr Soil Sc 172: 230-236. doi: DOI 10.1002/jpln.200800028.

28. Miao J, Sun J, Liu D, Li B, Zhang A, Li Z, Tong Y (2009) Characterization of the promoter of phosphate transporter TaPHT1.2 differentially expressed in wheat varieties. J Genet Genomics 36: 455-466. doi: 10.1016/S1673-8527(08)60135-6.

29. Cai C, Wang JY, Zhu YG, Shen QR, Li B, Tong YP, Li ZS (2008) Gene structure and expression of the high-affinity nitrate transport system in rice roots. J Integr Plant Biol 50: 443-451. doi: 10.1111/j.1744-7909.2008.00642.x.

30. Li ZS, Li B, Tong YP (2008) The contribution of distant hybridization with decaploid Agropyron elongatum to wheat improvement in China. J Genet Genomics 35: 451-456. doi: 10.1016/S1673-8527(08)60062-4.

31. Cai C, Zhao XQ, Zhu YG, Li B, Tong YP, Li ZS (2007) Regulation of the high-affinity nitrate transport system in wheat roots by exogenous abscisic acid and glutamine. J Integr Plant Biol 49: 1719-1725. doi: DOI 10.1111/j.1744-7909.2007.00485.x.

32. An DG, Su JY, Liu QY, Zhu YG, Tong YP, Li JM, Jing RL, Li B, Li ZS (2006) Mapping QTLs for nitrogen uptake in relation to the early growth of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Plant Soil 284: 73-84. doi: DOI 10.1007/s11104-006-0030-3.

33. Su JY, Tong YP, Liu QY, Li B, Jing RL, Li JY, Li ZS (2006) Mapping quantitative trait loci for post-anthesis dry matter accumulation in wheat. J Integr Plant Biol 48: 938-944. doi: DOI 10.1111/j.1744-7909.2006.00252.x.

34. Su JY, Xiao YM, Li M, Liu QY, Li B, Tong YP, Jia JZ, Li ZS (2006) Mapping QTLs for phosphorus-deficiency tolerance at wheat seedling stage. Plant Soil 281: 25-36. doi: DOI 10.1007/s11104-005-3771-5.

35. Yang XH, Chen XY, Ge QY, Li B, Tong YP, Zhang AM, Li ZS, Kuang TY, Lu CM (2006) Tolerance of photosynthesis to photoinhibition, high temperature and drought stress in flag leaves of wheat: A comparison between a hybridization line and its parents grown under field conditions. Plant Sci 171: 389-397. doi: DOI 10.1016/j.plantsci.2006.04.010.

36. Zhu YG, Geng CN, Tong YP, Smith SE, Smith FA (2006) Phosphate (Pi) and arsenate uptake by two wheat (Triticum aestivum) cultivars and their doubled haploid lines. Ann Bot 98: 631-636. doi: 10.1093/aob/mcl139.

37. Duan GL, Zhu YG, Tong YP, Cai C, Kneer R (2005) Characterization of arsenate reductase in the extract of roots and fronds of Chinese brake fern, an arsenic hyperaccumulator. Plant Physiol 138: 461-469. doi: DOI 10.1104/pp.104.057422.

38. Li YD, Wang YJ, Tong YP, Gao JG, Zhang JS, Chen SY (2005) QTL mapping of phosphorus deficiency tolerance in soybean (Glycine max L. Merr.). Euphytica 142: 137-142. doi: DOI 10.1007/s10681-005-1192-4.

39. Tong YP, Zhou JJ, Li ZS and Miller AJ (2005) A two-component high-affinity nitrate uptake system in barley. Plant J 41:442-450.

40. Tong YP, Kneer R, Zhu YG (2004) Vacuolar compartmentalization: a second-generation approach to engineering plants for phytoremediation. Trends Plant Sci 9: 7-9. doi: DOI 10.1016/j.tplants.2003.11.009.

41. Yang GH, Su JY, Li B, Liu JZ, Li M, Xiao YM, Li JY, Tong YP, Li ZS (2004) Identification and characterization of phosphorus use efficiency in a doubled Haploid population of Chinese Spring X Lovrin No.10. Acta Bot Sin 46: 302-310.

42. Zhao XQ, Li YJ, Liu JZ, Li B, Liu QY, Tong YP, Li JY, Li ZS (2004) Isolation and expression analysis of a high-affinity nitrate transporter TaNRT2.3 from roots of wheat. Acta Bot Sin 46: 347-354.

43. Gordon-Weeks R, Tong YP, Davies TGE, Leggewie G (2003) Restricted spatial expression of a high-affinity phosphate transporter in potato roots. J Cell Sci 116: 3135-3144. doi: Doi 10.1242/Jcs.00615.

44. Liu JZ, Li YJ, Tong YP, Gao JW, Li B, Li JY, Li ZS (2001) Chromosomal location of genes conferring the tolerance to Pi starvation stress and acid phosphatase (APase) secretion in the genome of rye (Secale L.). Plant Soil 237: 267-274.

45. Tong YP, Rengel Z, Graham RD (1997) Interactions between nitrogen and manganese nutrition of barley genotypes differing in manganese efficiency. Ann Bot-London 79: 53-58. doi: DOI 10.1006/anbo.1996.0302.